Sanitation generally refers to the provision of facilities and services for the safe disposal of human urine and faeces. Inadequate sanitation is a major cause of disease world-wide and improving sanitation is known to have a significant beneficial impact on health both in households and across communities. The word 'sanitation' also refers to the maintenance of hygienic conditions, through services such as garbage collection and wastewater disposal. Only 4.5 billion have access to toilets or latrines, leaving 2.5 billion, mostly in rural areas, without proper sanitation. Hand washing with soap, particularly after contact with excreta, can reduce diarrhoeal diseases by over 40 per cent and respiratory infections by 30 per cent.
Diarrhoea and respiratory infections are the number one cause for child deaths in India.Hand washing with soap is among the most effective & inexpensive ways to prevent diarrhoeal diseases and pneumonia.With 594 million people defecating in the open and 44 per cent mothers disposing their children’s faeces in the open, there is a very high risk of microbial contamination (bacteria, viruses, amoeba) of water which causes diarrhoea in children.Children weakened by frequent diarrhoea episodes are more vulnerable to malnutrition and opportunistic infections such as pneumonia.
About 48 per cent of children in India are suffering from some degree of malnutrition. Diarrhoea and worm infection are two major health conditions that affect school age children impacting their learning abilities.Adequate, well-maintained water supply and sanitation facilities in schools encourage children to attend school regularly and help them achieve their educational goals. Inadequate water supply and sanitation in schools are health hazards and affect school attendance, retention and educational performance.Adolescent girls are especially vulnerable to dropping out, as many are reluctant to continue their schooling because toilet facilities are not private, not safe or simply not available Women and girls face shame and a loss of personal dignity and safety risk if there is no toilet at home. They have to wait for the night to relieve them to avoid being seen by others.We are making toilets at Anandpuri in Banswara of Rajasthan since 2014.We have trained PRI members about utility of cleanliness and wash.
To accelerate the efforts to achieve universal sanitation coverage and to put focus on sanitation, the Prime Minister of India launched the Swachh Bharat Mission on 2nd October, 2014. The Mission Coordinator shall be Secretary, Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MDWS) with two Sub-Missions, the Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) and the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban), which aims to achieve Swachh Bharat by 2019, as a fitting tribute to the 150th Birth Anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi, which in rural areas shall mean improving the levels of cleanliness in rural areas. We have trained masson to prepare toilets. We have prepared about 850 toilets at Dokar, Menapader, Barjadiya patiyagaliya and Anandpuri gram Panchayat in Banswara Dist. and pipalkhut in Pratapgarh Dist. of Rajasthan since 2015.We have trained PRI members about about washing hands and sanitation.Adarsh trained 500 benificeries by CLTS.Today traible communities use to ready for rural toilets.We trained school children about good hand washing techniques .Childern are doing good hand washing techniques.